In the enchanting realm of freshwater aquariums, the dynamic interplay between various aquatic inhabitants often introduces aquarists to a world teeming with diversity and colorful personalities. Two popular and intriguing denizens of this underwater universe are guppies and shrimp. Guppies, renowned for their resplendent hues and lively dispositions, coexist alongside a fascinating array of shrimp species, including the cherry and ghost shrimp. However, amid this harmonious cohabitation, a crucial question lingers: “Will guppies eat baby shrimp?” This query serves as a poignant starting point for delving into the complex dynamics, care requirements, and strategies for maintaining the well-being of both guppies and their diminutive shrimp companions in the same aquatic habitat.

About Guppies and (Baby) Shrimp

Guppies and shrimp are two popular and fascinating aquatic species commonly kept in freshwater aquariums. Guppies, belonging to the Poeciliidae family, are small, colorful fish known for their vibrant hues, lively behavior, and ease of care. Shrimp, on the other hand, encompass various species, with cherry shrimp and ghost shrimp being some of the most commonly kept in aquariums. Both guppies and shrimp can coexist in the same tank, but it’s essential to consider their compatibility, behaviors, and the care they require, especially when it comes to protecting baby shrimp.


  • Characteristics: Guppies are often prized for their striking colors and distinctive fin shapes. They come in a wide range of colors and patterns, making them a favorite choice for aquarists looking to add some vibrancy to their tanks. Guppies are livebearers, which means they give birth to live fry rather than laying eggs.
  • Care: Guppies are considered one of the hardiest fish species, making them ideal for beginners. They thrive in a temperature range of 72-82°F (22-28°C) and are adaptable to various water parameters. Regular water changes and a well-maintained aquarium are essential for their well-being.
  • Behavior: Guppies are active swimmers and enjoy exploring their environment. They are also known to be social fish and can be kept in groups, though it’s essential to be mindful of overpopulation, since they do tend to breed a lot.


  • Species: There are several shrimp species kept in aquariums, with the cherry shrimp (Neocaridina davidi) being a popular choice for their bright red coloration and ease of care. Ghost shrimp (Palaemonetes spp.) are also commonly kept and are translucent in appearance.
  • Care: Shrimp are generally more sensitive to water conditions than guppies. They prefer stable, clean water with minimal fluctuations in temperature and water parameters. Maintaining a pH level around 7 and a temperature range of 72-78°F (22-26°C) is ideal. Good filtration and regular water changes are crucial for shrimp health.
  • Behavior: Shrimp are peaceful bottom-dwellers and are often appreciated for their scavenging behavior. They sift through substrate and aquarium decorations in search of algae, detritus, and leftover food.

So, Will Guppies Eat Baby Shrimp?

Regarding the question, “Will guppies eat baby shrimp?”, then yes, guppies are known to eat baby shrimp, including baby shrimp of various species commonly kept in aquariums, such as cherry shrimp and ghost shrimp. Guppies are omnivorous and can be opportunistic feeders, and they may view baby shrimp as a potential food source. If you are trying to keep both guppies and baby shrimp in the same aquarium, it’s essential to provide hiding places and plenty of plant cover for the shrimp to help protect them from being eaten by the guppies. Additionally, ensuring that both guppies and shrimp are adequately fed with appropriate food can reduce the likelihood of the guppies preying on the shrimp.

Will Guppies Eat Baby Shrimp?
Will Guppies Eat Baby Shrimp?

Protecting Baby Shrimp

Protecting baby shrimp from being eaten by guppies in an aquarium involves creating a safe and shrimp-friendly environment. Here are some strategies to help protect baby shrimp:

  • Dense Plants: Provide plenty of live or artificial plants with dense foliage. Live plants like java moss, java fern, and moss balls can serve as excellent hiding places for baby shrimp. Dense plants not only provide hiding spots but also offer a source of biofilm and algae, which shrimp feed on.
  • Shrimp Shelters: You can add dedicated shrimp shelters or breeding caves designed to give baby shrimp a secure place to hide. These shelters typically have small openings that guppies cannot easily enter.
  • Floating Plants: Some floating plants, such as duckweed, can help shade the aquarium and provide cover for shrimp. Guppies may find it more challenging to spot baby shrimp under the cover of floating plants.
  • Moss Pads: Attach moss pads or mats to decor items in the tank. These offer another layer of protection and can be a valuable source of food for shrimp.
  • Sponge Filters: Using a sponge filter instead of a traditional filter can create a more gentle water current that is less likely to harm baby shrimp. It also provides additional surface area for beneficial bacteria, which can help maintain water quality.
  • Separate Breeding Tanks: If you are particularly concerned about the safety of baby shrimp, you can set up a separate breeding tank for them. This will keep them away from the adult guppies until they are large enough to better defend themselves.
  • Adequate Feeding: Ensure that both guppies and shrimp are well fed with suitable foods. Feeding sufficiently can reduce the likelihood of guppies preying on shrimp. Additionally, provide dedicated shrimp food, as it often contains the necessary nutrients for their growth.

Remember that the effectiveness of these strategies may vary depending on the specific personalities of your guppies and the species of shrimp you are keeping. It’s essential to monitor your aquarium regularly and adjust your setup as needed to provide the best protection for your baby shrimp.


In conclusion, the cohabitation of guppies and shrimp in a freshwater aquarium can offer a delightful display of colors and behaviors, enriching the underwater landscape for aquarium enthusiasts. However, it’s important to acknowledge that guppies, being omnivorous by nature, may pose a challenge to the survival of baby shrimp in the same tank. The question, “Will guppies eat baby shrimp?” remains a key consideration for aquarists seeking to maintain both species harmoniously. To strike this delicate balance, creating a well-planned environment with appropriate hiding places, lush vegetation, and dedicated shelters for the shrimp is crucial. Additionally, conscientious care practices, such as proper feeding and water maintenance, play pivotal roles in nurturing a thriving community that safeguards the welfare of both guppies and baby shrimp, allowing aquarists to enjoy the beauty of their underwater world while addressing the intricacies of cohabitation.