Dwarf Gourami and Amano Shrimp Together – Will It Work? - "File:Blue dwarf gourami 1.jpg" by Debivort at English Wikipedia is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.
Dwarf Gourami and Amano Shrimp Together – Will It Work? - "File:Blue dwarf gourami 1.jpg" by Debivort at English Wikipedia is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

Embarking on the journey of setting up an aquarium is an exciting endeavor, offering the chance to curate a captivating underwater world. When considering the inhabitants of your aquatic sanctuary, the pairing of the enchanting dwarf gourami and the diligent amano shrimp presents a unique and intriguing opportunity. Bothe the dwarf gourami and amano shrimp, with their vibrant colors and valuable ecological roles, bring a harmonious blend of beauty and functionality to your aquatic masterpiece. Let’s explore the art of creating a habitat that caters to the needs and behaviors of both the captivating dwarf gourami and the industrious amano shrimp.

About Dwarf Gourami and Amano Shrimp

Dwarf Gourami

The Dwarf Gourami (Trichogaster lalius), a popular and colorful freshwater fish in the aquarium hobby, is cherished for its striking appearance and peaceful demeanor. Native to the slow-moving waters of Southeast Asia, this gourami species showcases vibrant colors and unique patterns that vary among different color morphs. Here’s an overview of their appearance and behavior:

  • Appearance: Dwarf Gouramis have a distinctive and compact body shape with elongated fins. They typically grow to around 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.5 cm) in length. Their most captivating feature is their beautifully patterned and iridescent scales, which shimmer in shades of red, blue, and sometimes even orange. The males and females exhibit different colorations.
  • Male Dwarf Gourami: Males usually possess more vibrant colors, such as deep blues, reds, and oranges, along with striking vertical stripes and intricate patterns on their bodies. They also have longer and more pointed dorsal fins.
  • Female Dwarf Gourami: Females tend to be less colorful than males, featuring more subdued hues with a smaller dorsal fin. Their bodies are often paler, and their patterns are not as intricate.
  • Behavior: Dwarf Gouramis are generally peaceful and relatively easy to care for, making them suitable for community aquariums. However, it’s essential to ensure proper tank conditions and compatible tank mates. Here are some aspects of their behavior:
  • Temperament: These gouramis are peaceful by nature and can be kept in groups, though it’s recommended to have more females than males to reduce aggression among the males.
  • Habitat: They prefer densely planted aquariums with hiding spots like driftwood, rocks, and vegetation. The plants provide cover and help simulate their natural habitat.
  • Personality: Dwarf Gouramis are known for their engaging behaviors, such as hovering near the water’s surface to gulp air. They are labyrinth fish, meaning they possess a specialized organ (the labyrinth organ) that allows them to breathe air at the water’s surface.
  • Feeding: They are omnivores and should be fed a varied diet that includes high-quality pellets, flakes, frozen or live foods like brine shrimp, daphnia, and small insects.

Amano Shrimp

Amano Shrimp (Caridina multidentata), also known as Yamato Shrimp, are freshwater shrimp originating from Japan. They are highly sought after for their efficient algae-eating habits and distinctive appearance.

  • Appearance: Amano Shrimp have a unique appearance that sets them apart from other freshwater shrimp species:
  • Size: They typically grow to about 2 inches (5 cm) in length, making them a suitable addition to community aquariums.
  • Coloration: Amano Shrimp have translucent bodies with a greenish hue, which can change depending on their diet and environment. They also have distinctively long and elegant antennae.
  • Behavior: Amano Shrimp are known for their behavior and role within aquarium ecosystems:
  • Algae Eaters: These shrimp are voracious algae eaters and are often introduced to aquariums to help control algae growth. They actively graze on various types of algae.
  • Social Behavior: Amano Shrimp are generally peaceful and can be kept in groups. They are not typically aggressive toward other tank inhabitants.
  • Activity: They are active during the day and spend their time foraging for algae and detritus. Their constant movement can add a dynamic element to the aquarium.
  • Habitat and Care: Providing plenty of hiding spots, such as plants and decorations, is essential for their well-being. They thrive in established, well-maintained aquariums with stable water parameters.

In conclusion, both the Dwarf Gourami and Amano Shrimp bring their unique charm to aquariums. The vibrant colors and patterns of the Dwarf Gourami and the efficient algae-eating habits of the Amano Shrimp make them valuable additions to aquatic setups, adding beauty and functionality to the underwater environment.

Dwarf Gourami and Amano Shrimp Together – Will It Work? - "File:Blue dwarf gourami 1.jpg" by Debivort at English Wikipedia is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.
Dwarf Gourami and Amano Shrimp Together – Will It Work? – “File:Blue dwarf gourami 1.jpg” by Debivort at English Wikipedia is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

Tank Setup

Creating a harmonious and suitable environment for both Dwarf Gouramis and Amano Shrimp requires careful consideration of their individual needs and behaviors. Here’s a step-by-step guide on setting up an aquarium that accommodates both species:

  • Tank Size: Start with a tank of at least 20 gallons (75 liters) to provide enough space for both the gouramis and shrimp to thrive. A larger tank can offer more stability and ample swimming space.
  • Water Parameters: Both species have specific water parameter preferences, so finding a middle ground is crucial:
  • Temperature: Dwarf Gouramis prefer temperatures around 75-82°F (24-28°C), while Amano Shrimp thrive at slightly cooler temperatures around 72-78°F (22-26°C).
  • pH: Aim for a pH level between 6.5 and 7.5, which is generally acceptable for both species.
  • Filtration: A reliable and efficient filtration system is essential to maintain water quality and clarity. Consider a filter that provides gentle water flow, as strong currents can stress both species.
  • Substrate and Decor: Create a well-planted environment with hiding spots for the shrimp and suitable resting places for the gouramis:
  • Substrate: Use a fine-grain substrate like sand or smooth gravel to avoid injuring the Amano Shrimp, which have delicate bodies.
  • Plants: Incorporate live plants like Java Fern, Anubias, and Vallisneria, as well as floating plants to provide shade and cover for both species.
  • Hiding Spots: Add driftwood, caves, and rock formations for the shrimp to hide and molt. Gouramis will appreciate tall plants or structures near the water’s surface.
  • Compatibility: While both Dwarf Gouramis and Amano Shrimp are generally peaceful, it’s essential to monitor their interactions. Dwarf Gouramis might show curiosity toward shrimp but are not usually aggressive toward them. However, be cautious if you notice any signs of aggression from individual gouramis. The larger the shrimp population, the more confident they will be.
  • Feeding: Ensure a varied diet that caters to the needs of both species:
  • Dwarf Gouramis: Provide high-quality pellets, flakes, and occasionally live or frozen foods like bloodworms or brine shrimp.
  • Amano Shrimp: Their primary diet consists of algae and detritus. You can supplement their diet with sinking algae wafers and occasional blanched vegetables like spinach or zucchini.
  • Water Changes and Maintenance: Regular water changes, typically around 20-25% weekly, will help maintain stable water parameters and keep the aquarium environment healthy for both species.
  • Observation and Adjustments: Regularly observe the behavior of both the gouramis and shrimp. If any signs of stress or aggression are detected, consider adjusting the setup, such as adding more hiding spots or repositioning decorations.

Remember that each aquarium is unique, and slight adjustments may be necessary based on the specific needs and behaviors of your fish and shrimp. Providing proper care and attention to the requirements of both Dwarf Gourami and Amano Shrimp will result in a vibrant and thriving aquatic community.


In conclusion, creating a well-balanced environment to accommodate both the Dwarf Gourami and Amano Shrimp in the same aquarium requires careful consideration of their distinct needs. By finding a harmonious balance between water parameters, providing ample hiding spots, and offering a diverse diet, you can cultivate a captivating underwater ecosystem that showcases the vibrant beauty of the dwarf gourami and the efficient algae-eating habits of the Amano shrimp. Through thoughtful planning and attentive care, these two species can coexist, creating a dynamic and engaging aquatic display that brings the best of both worlds to your aquarium.